Applied Behaviour Analysis is an intensive, highly structured teaching program which teaches skills sequentially and in a clear, consistent manner. Skills are broken down into simple segments, guided by the child’s learning pattern and current level of functioning, they are then chained together. This ensures success at each level, progressing to independent, generalised learning. Positive reinforcement is a key component of Applied Behaviour Analysis programs.
The Hallmarks of the Applied Behaviour Analysis Approach:
- Clear understanding of the specific behaviour to be changed.
- Careful measurement of the behaviour.
- Excellent timing of the response.
- Analysis of data.
- Structured, analytical training.
Discrete Trial Training is a component of Applied Behaviour Analysis. It is a behaviourist approach to learning. It is discrete in that it recognises a distinct sequence of components within each trial, which are outlined below:
A – (Antecedent) – The antecedent is the event that precedes the behaviour. It includes the instruction (SD) and any form of prompting given before the student is expected to respond.
B – (Behaviour) – The behaviour is what the student does in response to the instruction (i.e. correct, incorrect, or no response given).
C – (Consequence) – The consequence is what occurs after the behaviour. Consequences can be positive, negative, or neutral.
This behavioural approach states that behaviours that are followed by positive consequences will increase in frequency and behaviours that are followed by either negative consequences or no consequences will decrease in their frequency. Discrete Trial Training is based on this approach.
- A major focus is on the areas of communication, social skills, and behaviour development.
- Visual support systems are utilised.
- An emphasis is placed on consistent intervention, generalisation of skills, and developing flexibility in students.
In addition to the discrete trial training, group work sessions are scheduled throughout the day, such as round table, fine motor sessions, physical education and mat time. Students also have a break for lunch and playtime in the main playground on the equipment.
We are able to accommodate 4-6 students in the Kindy and 4-6 in the Pre Primary program. Students are initially tested using a baseline of skills and individual programs are subsequently developed. This procedure allows students to progress at their own speeds and on objectives relevant to them and we work on behavioural as well as academic objectives. The aim of the Program is, ideally, to allow students access to mainstream Year 1 classes.